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HOW'S NARRATIVE 



Of this edition^ two hundred and 
sixty-seven copies have been printed, 
of which two hundred and fifty are 
for sale t and the type distributed. 
This is 



No.. 






NARRATIVES OF CAPTIVITIES 



A NARRATIVE OF THE CAPTIVITY 

OF NEHEMIAH HOW IN 

1745-1747 



Reprinted from the anginal edition of 1748, 

with introduction and notes by 

Victor Hugo Paltsits 




CLEVELAND 

THE BURROWS BROTHERS COMPANY I 




COPYRIGHT, 1904 

BY 
THE BURROWS BROTHERS COMPANY 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 



INTRODUCTION, Victor Hugo Paltsits . 7 

How's NARRATIVE . . . . .23 

Facsimile of original title-page . . 25 

INDEX . 61 



INTRODUCTION 

THE present town of Putney, Windham 
County, Vermont, is situated on the 
west bank of the Connecticut River. It 
extends for a distance of five miles from north 
to south, and stretches between six and seven 
miles from its eastern to its western boundary. 
In the easterly part of the town, formed by a 
large bend in the river, the Great Meadow is 
located, and comprises about five hundred 
acres. Its soil has always yielded easily to 
cultivation, rewarding industry with an abun- 
dant crop of hay or various kinds of grain. 
Originally the surrounding forests were over- 
grown with beach, elm, maple, butternut and 
oak trees, while the lowest part of the meadow 
abounded with a tangled growth of yellow 
pine, and the steep hills on the west were 
covered with white pines of huge growth.* 
This region, we may believe, was early inhab- 
ited by the aborigines, if flint arrow-heads, 
spears, broken pots and other Indian remains 
are evidence of their habitat; but whether 
they were permanent or merely occasional 
residents has not been determined. 

In 1735-6, the Massachusetts-Bay govern- 
ment, cognizant from bitter experience of the 

*For the topographical description I am indebted to 
the accounts by Rev. Amos Foster, and David L. Mansfield, 
in Hemenway's Vermont Historical Gazetteer, vol. v, pp. 
217-222, 250-251. 



8 INTRODUCTION 

disasters from Indian incursions at the west- 
ward, determined to establish a chain of 
fortified settlements in the valley of the Con- 
necticut. Willing settlers were gradually 
procured through the encouragement of gov- 
ernmental land-grants, and presumably in 
1738 or 1739 the occupation of the Great 
Meadow and No. 2 (now Westmoreland, N. 
H.), across the river, was begun. Nehemiah 
How, of Grafton, Mass., William Phips, 
David Rugg, of Lancaster, Mass., their fam- 
ilies, together with Robert Baker and others, 
made the first clearing in the Great Meadow, 
and built a fort in the central part, called 
Fort Hill. Daniel How, nephew of Nehe- 
miah, also a captive at Quebec during a part 
of the war, with Thomas Crisson and others 
from Rutland, Mass., cleared the ground at 
No. 2, built themselves log-huts and depended 
for protection on the neighboring fort, to the 
building of which they had contributed.* In 
a few years these intrepid pioneers, by the dint 
of assiduity, succeeded in transforming the 
primeval meadows and uplands to conditions 
favorable for vegetation and pasturage, and 
gathered a good stock of cattle. Yet latent 
horrors of Indian warfare lay beneath the 
apparent tranquillity of these years of peace. 
The first depredation by the Indians in the 
Connecticut valley, during King George's 
war, was on the Great Meadow. 

*N. H. Town Papers, vol. xiii (1884), pp. 652-653. 



INTRODUCTION 



On July 5th, 1745, William Phips was 
hoeing in his cornfield, in the southwest corner 
of the meadow, when suddenly two Indians 
surprised him, and led him away captive to 
the woods a distance of near half a mile. 
They halted in order to permit one of them to 
descend a steep hill, where he had left some- 
thing. Phips, with great strategic ingenuity, 
seizing the moment when the remaining In- 
dian was off his guard, struck him down with 
his hoe and "chop'd him very much," so that 
he died soon thereafter. Snatching this In- 
dian's gun, he shot and killed the second 
Indian as he was returning. Phips then took 
to his heels, but was almost instantly killed by 
a shot from one of the guns of three other 
Indians, who appeared on the spot at this 
juncture. They scalped him and "mangled 
his body in a most Inhuman manner." The 
news of this outbreak brought Capt. Ebenezer 
Alexander with a company of fifty-six men to 
the region, and they were kept in service 
scouting 1 the woods and guarding the towns, 
from July i2th until September 8th.* There 
was a brief lull in the exhibitions of savagery, 

*Doolittle's Short Narrative Of Mischief done by the 
French and Indian Enemy, on the Western Frontiers Of 
the Province of the Massachusetts-Bay. Boston, 1750, p. 2; 
Rev. John Taylor's "Appendix" to Rev. John Williams's 
Redeemed Captive returning to Zion. Sixth edition. Bos- 
ton, 1795, p. 114; N. E. Hist, and Gen: Register, vol. ix, p. 
163, from Hampshire County Recorder's Book; Temple and 
Sheldon's Hist, of Northfteld, Mass., pp. 240-241; Hemen- 
way's Vermont Hist. Gazetteer, vol. v, pp. 219, 252. 



io INTRODUCTION 

but on October nth, 1745,* the Great 
Meadow was infested anew. 

On this "black Friday" morning Nehe- 
miah How walked a distance of "about 50 
Rods" or a little over one-sixth of a mile from 
the fort, for the purpose of cutting some wood. 
He had completed his task and was returning 
to the fort, but had proceeded only a few 
paces, when suddenly he heard "the crackling 
of Fences" behind him and, looking back in 
the direction whence the noise came, "saw 12 
or 13 Indians, with red painted Heads," run- 
ning after him. Starting on a run, he shouted 
desperately, hoping thereby to attract the 
attention of the guard at the fort. The fleet- 
footed Indians, however, overtook him by the 
time he had gone ten rods. They seized him ; 
led him away to a "swamp," probably where 
the creek now is, and there his captors bound 
him. The Indians, who were a party of 
Abenakis of St. Francis,t and numbered about 
fifty,t were in the meadow scarce an hour, but 
in that time made a futile attack on the fort, 
and created havoc among the cattle in the 

*The dates are all according to "old style," in use by 
the English, unless otherwise designated. 

^Collection de Manuscrits relatifs d la Nouvelle-France, 
vol. iii, p. 268. 

JDeacon Noah Wright, in a letter written to his brother 
from Deerfield, on October 27th, 1745, says the sentry at 
the fort, when attacked, told him there were about fifty 
Indians in the whole party. 2V. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, 
vol. ii (1848), p. 207. The Hampshire County Recorder's 
Book, in 2V. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. ix, p. 163, gives 
their number erroneously as "about fourscore French and 
Indians." 



INTRODUCTION it 

field. Deacon Noah Wright, who arrived in 
the scout sent out, found "such things to behold 
as wold raise the passions of the most steddy 
man in the world." Cattle which the Indians 
had butchered and hides lay "spred almost 
over the ground." As they went through the 
meadow, the scouting party could scarce turn 
their eyes "without seeing ded creatures sum 
with their guts tore ought & some ript open & 
others part of them carried off & a grat many 
that lay untouched ondly their hyds were taken 
off."* From the deposition which How made 
to the French at Quebec, we learn that the 
fort was commanded by a lieutenant, and con- 
tained twenty soldiers and ten others when 
attacked.! During the retreat one of the 
Indians was killed by a shot from the fort; 
another was so mortally wounded that he died 
"fourteen Days" after their arrival in Canada, 
and a third, who had hold of How, had a 
bullet shot through his powder-horn. 

Ho\y was liberated from the "swamp" and 
led to a spot "about half a Mile" and "in open 
Sight of the Fort." Passing along the west 
bank of the Connecticut River, about three 
miles in a northerly direction from the fort, 
they observed two men in a canoe, paddling 
down the river near the opposite shore, below 
"Taylor's Island." They were David Rugg 



*Noah Wright, in N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg., vol. ii, pp. 
207-208. 

ICoZZ. de M88., vol. iii, pp. 268-270. 



12 INTRODUCTION 

and Robert Baker. Right speedily "twenty 
or thirty Guns" were discharged at them. 
Rugg was killed instantly in the canoe, but 
Baker succeeded in gaining his safety with 
some difficulty by reaching the shore. Some 
of the Indians swam the stretch of the river, 
and returned with the canoe to inflict upon the 
warm corpse of Rugg the indignities of the 
scalping-knife. Proceeding for another mile 
by the river side, they halted at a house. At 
the same time How's son, Caleb, together with 
Jonathan Thayer and Samuel Nutting, were 
spied by the Indians running along the bank, 
and five of them gave chase to head them off. 
Fortunately they escaped, presumably by 
means of secreting themselves "under the 
Bank of the River." The Indians continued 
northward until they arrived at Black River, 
in the environs of Fort No. 4, now Charles- 
town, N. H. They then struck out to cross 
the mountain wilderness of the present state 
of Vermont; probably came as far as what is 
now Larrabee's Point, opposite Fort Ticon- 
deroga; continued to Crown Point, and em- 
barked for Quebec, through Lake Champlain 
and the rivers Sorel and St. Lawrence. We 
may accept How's own testimony that he was 
not subjected to any severe cruelties by his 
Indian captors, who generally were kind to 
him. Only at Chambly was he maltreated by 
some Iroquois whom he encountered. In this 
he fared far better from these heartless sons of 



INTRODUCTION 13 

the forest, than most of his countrymen in 
times of conflict.* 

As soon as the assault on the Great Meadow 
was communicated to Northfield, Ensign 
Stratton set out with ten men for Fort Dum- 
mer. On the afternoon of the same day, 
Saturday, October i9th, twenty-nine men left 
Deerfield; marched through Northfield, and 
joined the former party at Fort Dummer, at 
ten o'clock that night. Meanwhile Col. Josiah 
Willard had gone to the Great Meadow, tak- 
ing with him as many men of his garrison as 
could be spared. The forty others followed 
on Sunday morning, and arrived at the Great 
Meadow about two o'clock in the afternoon. 
Willard had just left with his men, and they 
were therefore ordered to follow. They soon 
came up with the advance party and, after 
gaining what information they could from 
those at the fort, the whole scout, consisting 
of ninety-four men, began the march. They 
followed the tracks of the Indians until about 
sunset df the 2Oth, camped, and on Monday 
morning, the 2ist, started for Fort No. 4, 
stripping themselves on the way for battle. 
When they arrived at No. 4 the enemy had 
departed from the region. Lodging that night 
at the fort, they began their homeward march 
on the next morning, October 22d; proceeded 
by way of Upper Ashuelot (Keene, N. H.), 

*His testimony appears in his pamphlet and in his 
deposition at Quebec. 



i 4 INTRODUCTION 

and arrived in Northfield on Wednesday, 
October 23d.* 

In March, 1747, thirty or forty Indians 
attempted to burn Shattuck's Fort, between 
Northfield and Col. Hinsdale's Fort. They 
were pursued on the 3ist from Northfield by 
Capt. Eleazer Melvin and his company, as 
far as the Great Meadow, but the Indians 
succeeded in burning the fort which the Eng- 
lish had deserted.t 

The deserted region of the Great Meadow 
began to be resettled in February, 1755, and 
in the early part of that year the few new 
settlers built another fort, in the southeast part 
of the meadow. A town charter had been 
granted in advance from New Hampshire, 
dated December a6th, 1753. 

During the dispute with New York over 
territorial domain, that colony gave the town 
a charter, dated November 6th, 1766. The 
town was organized and the first town officers 
chosen, on May 8th, 1770.$ Its subsequent 
history has been steady and honorable, but 
historic instinct must ever accord a high place 
to the sturdy pioneers who laid the foundation 
stones of its superstructure. 

"This analysis is given with particularity from Noah 
Wright, in N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. ii, pp. 207-208, 
because misinterpreted to some extent in Hemen way's 
Gazetteer, vol. v, p. 253, and Temple and Sheldon's Hist, 
of Northfield, p. 241. 

f Doolittle, p. 11, Cf. conflicting statements in Hemen- 
way, vol. v, pp. 219, 252. 

JHemenway, pp. 220-221. 



BIBLIOGRAPHY 

Three narratives by New England captives, 
during the Five Years' French and Indian 
war, run parallel so far as their common resi- 
dence in Quebec is concerned. They were 
written by Nehemiah How, Rev. John Nor- 
ton, chaplain of Fort Massachusetts, and Cap- 
tain William Pote, Jr., master of the schooner 
Montague, in the employ of the Massachusetts- 
Bay government. The small but now exces- 
sively rare pamphlets of How and Norton 
were both printed in the year 1748, while the 
very extensive and by far more important 
journal of Pote, lay in manuscript until its 
first publication in 1896. There are numerous 
discrepancies of a day or two in the dates of 
deaths as recorded by these three diarists, but 
I am inclined generally to favor the earliest 
date as the true one, because it seems likely 
that each of them recorded in his diary as 
soon as he received the information. They 
exhibit, however, other vagaries as, for ex- 
ample, mistakes in personal and place nomen- 
clature, while the three accounts supplement 
each other as to material facts. 

It is, no doubt, a patent fact that very much 
of the earlier editing of American historical 
texts was performed in a faulty manner, 
judged by modern critical methods. This 
we have found to be particularly true of the 
Indian Captivities collected by Samuel G. 
Drake, and first printed for him in 1839. But 
we are not to despise pioneer efforts in the 



16 BIBLIOGRAPHY 



landmarks of our historical work, even if our 
verdict is against their present service. Drake, 
be it said to his honor, saved from oblivion 
much that might otherwise have been gnawed 
by the tooth of time, and his work created an 
interest in a field which he made peculiarly 
his own. In the above-mentioned collection 
he presented the first and only reprint of 
How's pamphlet which has appeared up to 
the present edition. He also reprinted for the 
first time an annotated text of Norton's work, 
as an appendix to his Particular History of the 
Five Years' French and Indian War, publish- 
ed at Boston in 1870. At the same time he 
reissued one hundred copies separately, with 
new pagination and a copy of the original 
title-page. 

In reprinting How's pamphlet we have 
had recourse to a fine uncut copy in the New 
York Public Library (Lenox Library Build- 
ing). It was purchased at the first Brinley 
sale, in 1879, item 481, for twenty- five dollars, 
and the autograph of the Rev. Dr. Edward 
Wigglesworth on the title-page, shows that he 
owned it in 1748, the year of its publication. 
As this tract seldom appears in the market, 
and as the demand for original early Indian 
captivities is great, it would be hazardous to 
guess a particular figure which so fine a copy 
might fetch to-day. The following analy- 
tical collation is presented for the service of 
collectors and bibliographers: 



A I NARRATIVE I Of the 
Captivity I OF | Hefyemtafy 

I Who was taken by the 3tt6tanS 



at the Great- \ Meadow Fort above Fort-Dum- 
mer, where he was [ an Inhabitant, October 
llth 1745. | Giving an Account of what he 
met with in his | travelling to Canada, and 
while he was in Prifon | there. ) Together with 
an Account of Mr. HOWs Death | at 
Canada. \ [Quotation from Psalm cxxxvii] \ 

BOSTON i N. E.\ Printed and Sold 
oppofite to the Prifon in Queen- [ Street. 
1748. 1 



Printed page measures 5% in. height, by 3# in. width; 
title, verso blank; "A Narrative, &c.," pp. 3-22; "The Names of 
the Subfcribers," pp. (2). Signatures : A C in fours. 



GENEALOGY 

Nehemiah How belonged to a worthy fam- 
ily of Massachusetts Puritans.* His grand- 
father, John How or Howe, was a son of John 
How, Esq., who it is supposed lived in Hodin- 
hull, Warwickshire, England, and was con- 
nected with the family of Lord Charles How, 
Earl of Lancaster, during the reign of Charles 
I. The grandfather, who perhaps first resided 
at Watertown, was admitted a freeman of 
Sudbury on May i3th, 1640, and in 1642 was 
marshal and one of the town's selectmen. In 
May, 1656, he was one of thirteen petitioners 
for the grant which constituted Marlborough, 
and moved to that place in 1657, where he 
opened the first tavern about 1661, and was 
certainly carrying on the business in 1670. He 
built himself a cabin in Marlborough "a little 
to the east of the Indian Planting Field," 
where his descendants lived for many genera- 
tions. John How was a leading citizen of the 
place, and died there on May 28th, 1687, his 

These genealogical data are interpreted from conflict- 
ing statements in Hudson's History of Sudbury, Mass., pp. 
38-39; Vital Records of Sudbury, Mass., (1903), pp. 73-74, 219- 
220, 311-312; Hudson's History of Marlborough, Mass., pp. 
380-381; Pierce's History of Graf ton, Mass., pp. 51, 59, 507- 
508; Temple and Sheldon's History of Northfield, Mass., 
pp. 468-469; Worcester Magazine, vol. ii (1826), p. 131; 
Memorial of the Morses, Boston, 1850, appendix, p. 87, No. 
12; and chapter on "Howe Family in America," in Filial 
Tribute to Memory of Rev. John Moffat Howe, pp. 8, 9, 11. 



GENEALOGY 19 

will being proved in 1689. By his wife, Mary, 
he had ten sons and two daughters, born be- 
tween 1641 and 1663. 

One of his sons, Samuel, father of Nehe- 
miah, was born in Sudbury, on October 2Oth, 
1642. His first wife was Martha Bent, whom 
he married in Sudbury on June ^th, 1663. 
She died on August 29th, 1680. They had 
a numerous issue. His second consort was the 
widow Sarah (Leavitt) Clapp, whom he mar- 
ried in Sudbury, on September i8th, 1685. 
Lieut. Samuel How died at Sudbury, on April 
I 3 th, 1713. 

Nehemiah How was apparently the third 
child by the second marriage, and was born 
in 1693 at Marlborough (there is no entry of 
his birth in the printed Sudbury vital records) . 
He was in Sudbury in 1716; removed to Graf- 
ton in 1728, where he received a partition of 
five acres of land, on May 2ist, 1733. The 
record shows him an active participant at the 
meetings ( of the proprietors of Grafton, and 
they sometimes met at his house. In 1734, 
he was moderator at two meetings of this 
body, was selectman in 1735; town clerk from 
1736-1738; assessor in 1737; on the school 
committee of Grafton in 1739, and constable 
in that year. About that year he removed 
to the Great Meadow, as one of the original 
settlers there. Nehemiah married Margaret, 
the daughter of Capt. Benjamin Willard, and 
they had twelve children, as follows: 



20 GENEALOGY 

1. Joshua, b. October nth, 1716; m. Ly- 
dia Robbins. 

2. Submit, b. March 4th, 1718. 

3. Caleb, b. January 3Oth, 1720; d. June 
2d, 1721. 

4. Easter, b. April 25th, 1722. 

5. Caleb, b. December 3ist, 1723; m. 
Jemima, widow of William Phips. She suf- 
fered a doleful captivity in 1755, an d he was 
scalped and died on July 28th, 1755, in the 
same incursion. 

6. Sarah, b. July i3th, 1725. 

7. Samuel, b. June 151)1, 1727. 

8. Edward, b. May 28th, 1728. 

9. Abner, b. October 2Oth, 1731. 

10. Hannah, b. November 29th, 1733. 
n. Mary, b. April I2th, 1735. 

12. Martha, b. September i6th, 1738. 

The capture and imprisonment of Nehe- 
miah How are treated fully in the "Introduc- 
tion" to this volume. While in prison at 
Quebec, Canada, he became ill "of y e Fever,"* 
about the middle of the month of May, 1747, 
and was removed to "the Hospital," where he 
died on the 25th of that month, after an incar- 
ceration of "one Year, seven Months, and fif- 
teen Days."t In a postscript to his printed 
tract some anonymous friend added this trib- 
ute: "He was a loving Husband, and a tender 
Father; greatly belov'd by his Brethren and 

*Pote's Journal, p. 135. 
f How, p. 22. 



GENEALOGY 21 

Sisters, and indeed by every One who was 
acquainted with him: Mr. How was a Per- 
son who had behav'd himself as a Christian 
from his Youth. His Death is a great Loss 
to his Friends; but I believe a Gain to him- 
self; and that he is gone from a Captivity of 
Sorrow on Earth, to join in Songs of everlast- 
ing Joy among the Ransom'd of the Lord in 
the heavenly Zion."* His fellow prisoner, 
jPote, recorded in his journal that How was "a 
Good Pious old Gentleman . . . and 
y e most Contented and Easey of any man In 
y e Prison."t 

VICTOR HUGO PALTSITS. 

New York, January 9th, 1904. 

*How, p. 22. 
fPote, p. 135. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 

BOSTON, 1748 



Reprinted from a copy of the original edition 

in the New York Public Library 

(Lenox Building) 



A 

NARRATIVE 

Of the Captivity 



O F 




Who was taken by the Jfllllang ** the 
Meadow Fort above Fort-Dummer, where be was 
an Inhabitant^ Oftober nth 1745. 

Giving an Account of what he met with in hi* 
travelling to Canada^ and while he was in Prifon 
there. 

Together with an Account of Mr. HQW** Death 

at Canada. 



Pfal. cxxxvii. 1,2,3,4. By tbeRiversof Babylon^ there 
we fat down We bangtd our Harps upon the Wil- 
tows, in tie midjt thereof. For tbere t&ey that car- 
ried us away captive, required of us a Song > and 
tbey that wafted us\ required of us Mirth* faying^ 
Sing tes one of the Songs of Zion. How /ball we 
Jlftg the Lord's Song in a ftrange Land. 



BOSTON: N. E. 
Printed and Sold oppofue to the Prifon in Queen 
Street, 1748. 



H OtV'S NARRATIVE rj 



[3] HOW'S NARRATIVE &c. 

AT the Great - Meadow - Fort* fourteen 
Miles above Fort-Dummer, October nth 
1745, where I was an Inhabitant, I went 
out from the Fort about 50 Rods to cut Wood; 
and when I had done, I walk'd towards the 
Fort, but in my Way heard the crackling of 
Fences behind me, & turning about, faw 12 or 
13 Indians, with red painted Heads, running 
after me : On which I cry'd to God for Help, 
and ran, and hollow' d as I ran, to alarm the 
Fort; but by that I had ran ten Rods, the In- 
dians came up with me and took hold of me : 
At the fame Time the Men at the Fort fhot at 
the Indians, and kill'd one on the Spot, wound- 
ed another, who died fourteen Days after he 
got Home, and likewife fhot a Bullet thro 7 the 
Powder-Horn of one that had hold of me. 
They then led me into the Swampt and 
pinion'd me. I then committed my Cafe to 
God, and Pray'd, that fince it was his Will to 
deliver me into the Hands of thefe cruel Men, 
I might find Favour in their Eyes: Which 

*Now Putney, Windham County, Vt. The history of 
this incursion is given in extenso, in the Introduction to 
this volume. 

tProbably where the creek now is. David L. Mansfield, 
in Hemenway's Gazetteer, vol. v, p. 252. 



28 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

Requef t,God of his infinite Mercy was pleafed 
to grant; for they were generally kind to me 
while I was with 'em : Some of the Indians, 
at that Time, took the Charge of [4] me, oth- 
ers ran into the Field to kill Cattle. They led 
me about half a Mile; where we ftaid in open 
Sight of the Fort, 'till the Indians who were 
killing Cattle came to us laden with Beef: 
Then they went a little further to a Houfe, 
where they ftay'd to cut the Meat from the 
Bones, and cut the Helve off my Ax, and ftuck 
it into the Ground, pointing the Way we went. 
Then we traveled along by the River Side;* 
and when we got about three Miles, I efpied 
a Canoe coming down on the further Side the 
River, with David Rugg and Robert Baker 
belonging to our Fort. I made as much 
Noife as I could, by Hamming &c. that they 
might fee us before the Indians faw them, and 
fo get afhore, and happily efcape; but the 
Indians faw them, and fhot a-crofs the River 
twenty or thirty Guns at them, and kill'd the 
firft mentioned Perfon, viz. David Rugg, but 
Robert Baker the other Perfon got afhore, and 
efcaped. Then fome of the Indians fwam 
over the River, & bro't the Canoe over the 
River, fcalp'd & ftript the dead Man, and 
then went about a Mile further, when we came 
to another Houfe, where we ftop'd; while 
there, we heard Men running by the Bank of 
the River, whom I knew to be Jonathan Thay- 

*Connecticut River. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 29 

er, Samuel Nutting, & my Son Caleb How: 
Five of the Indians ran to head them. My 
Heart ak'd for them, & pray'd to God to fave 
them from the Hands of the Enemy. I fup- 
pofe they hid under the Bank of the River; 
for the Indians were gone fome Time, but 
came back without them, bleffed be God. 

We went about a Mile further, where we 
lodged that Night, and roafted the Meat they 
had got: The next Day we traveled very flow, 
by Reafon of the In- [5] dian who was wound- 
ed, which was a great Favour to me. We 
lodgM the fecond Night againft Number 
Four'* the third Day we likewife traveled 
flowly, and ftop'd often to reft, & to get along 
the wounded Man; we lodg'd that Night by 
the fecond fmall Rivert that runs into the 
great River againft Numb. Four. 

The fourth Day Morning, the Indians held 
a Piece of Bark, and bid me write my Name, 
& how many Days we had traveled; for, faid 
they, May be Englifh-Men will come here. 
That was a hard Day to me ; for it was a wet 
Day, and we went over prodigious Mountains, 
fo that I became weak & faint; for I had not 
eaten the value of one Meal from the Time I 
was taken, having nothing to eat but Beef 



*Now Charlestown, N. H., so called in honor of Sir 
Charles Knowles. In 1745 it was the most northern settle- 
ment on the Connecticut River. 

tBlack River, located on the Morris Map, 1749, pub- 
lished with William Pote's Journal', also on Sauthier's map 
of New York, 1779. 



30 H OW'S NARRATIVE 

almoft raw, without Bread or Salt. When I 
came firft to the Foot of thofe Hills, I tho't it 
was impoffible for me to afcend them, without 
immediate Help from God; therefore my con- 
ftant Recourfe was to him for Strength ; which 
he was gracioufly pleafed to grant me; and 
for which I defire to Praife him. We got 
that Day a little before Night to a Place where 
they had a hunting Houfe, a Kettle, fome 
Beef,* Indian Corn, and Salt: They boil'd a 
good Mefs of it; I drank of the Broth, eat of 
the Meat & Corn, and was wonderfully re- 
frefhed, fo that I felt like another Man. 

The next Morning we got up early, and 
after we had eaten, my Mafter faid to me, 
You muft quick walk to Day, or I will kill 
you. I told him I would go as f aft as I could, 
and no f after, if he did kill me: At which, 
an old Indian who was the beft Friend I had, 
took Care of me. We traveled that Day very 
hard, and over fteep Hills, but it being a cool 
windy [6] Day, I performed it with more 
Eafe than before; yet I was much tired before 
Night, but dare not complain. 

The next Day the Indians gave me a Pair 
of their Shoes, fo that I travel'd with abundant 
more Eafe than when I wore my own Shoes ; 
tho' I eat but very little, our Victuals being 
almoft fpent; when the Sun was about two 
Hours high, the Indians fcattered to hunt, and 

*Misprinted "Beer" in the original, but corrected by a 
contemporary hand in the copy used for this reprint. 



HOWS NARRATIVE 3 1 

they foon kill'd a Fawn, & three fmall Bears; 
fo that we had again Meat enough, fome of 
which we boil'd, and eat heartily of, by which 
I felt ftrong. 

The next Day we traveled very hard, and 
perform'd it with Eafe; infomuch that one of 
the Indians told me, I was a very ftrong Man : 
About three of the Clock we came to the 
Lake,* where they had five Canoes, and Pork, 
Indian Corn, & Tobacco. We got into the 
Canoes, when the Indians ftuck up a Pole 
about eight Feet long with the Scalp of David 
Rugg on the Top of it, painted red, with the 
Likenefs of Eyes and Mouth on it: We 
fail'd about ten Miles, and then went on 
Shore; and after we had made a Fire, we 
boil'd a good Supper, and eat heartily. 

The next Day we fet fail for Crown-Point, 
but when we were within a Mile of the Place, 
they went on Shore, where were eight or ten 
French & Indians, but before I got on Shore 
two of them came running into the Water 
Knee deep, and pull'd me out of the Canoe; 
there they fang and danced round me, after 
which one of them bid me fet down, which I 
did; and then they pull'd off my Shoes and 
Buckles, and [7] took them from me. Soon 
after we went along to Crown-Point, and when 
we got there, the People both French and 
Indians were very thick by the Water-Side; 

*Probably they embarked nearly opposite Ticonderoga, 
at about the present Larrabee's Point. 



32 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

two of the Indians took me out of the Canoe, 
and leading me, bid me run, which we did; it 
was about twenty Rods from the Fort; the 
Fort is large, built with Stone & Lime; they 
led me up to the third Loft, where was the 
Captain's Chamber; a Chair was bro't that I 
might fet by the Fire and warm me. Soon 
after the Indians that I belonged to, and others 
that were there, came into the Chamber, 
among whom was one I knew, named Peal- 
tomy- he came and fpake to me, and fhook 
Hands with me; and I was glad to fee him: 
He went out, but foon return'd and brought 
to me another Indian named Amrufus* Huf- 
band to Mrs. Eunice Williams, Daughter of 
the late Rev. Mr. Williams^ of Deer field' he 
was glad to fee me, and I to fee him. He 
afked me after his Wife's Relations, and 

*Bunice Williams, born on September 16th, 1696, 
daughter of Rev. John Williams, of Deerfield, Mass., was 
carried captive to Canada in 1704. She remained there 
and married an Indian, assumed Indian habits, and forgot 
what English she had known. In Canada she died at the 
age of about ninety years. The Rev. Eleazer Williams, her 
great-grandson, stated that she married an Indian by the 
name of De Rogers, but I believe How is nearer the truth, 
since De Rogers may have been phonetically misunderstood 
for Amrusus. Williams Genealogy. Greenfield, 1847, pp. 
92, ff. 

tRev. John Williams, first minister of Deerfield, was 
captured there by French and Indians on February 29th, 
1703-4. He was carried into captivity to Canada; was 
redeemed, and left Quebec on October 25th, 1706, for Boston, 
where he arrived on November 21st. He published an 
account of his captivity, namely, The Redeemed Captive, 
Returning to Zion. Boston: B. Green, 1707. A second 
edition was printed during his lifetime, and there have 
been many editions since. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 33 

fhew'd a great deal of Refpect to me. A 
while after this, the Indians fat in a Ring in 
the Chamber, and Pealtomy came to me, and 
told me, I muft go fing and dance before the 
Indians; I told him, I could not: He told 
me over fome Indian Words, and bid me fing 
them: I told him, I could not. With that 
the reft of the Fort who could fpeak fome 
Englifh came to me, & bid me fing it in Eng- 
lifh, which was, I don't know where I go\ 
which I did, dancing round that Ring three 
Times ; and then I fat down by the Fire : The 
Prieft came to me, and gave me a Dram of 
Rum; after that the Captain brought me Part 
of a Loaf of Bread and a Plate of Butter, and 
afk'd me [8] to eat, which I did heartily; for 
I had not eaten any Bread from the Time I 
was taken till then. The French Prieft and 
all the Officers fhew'd me a great deal of 
Refpect: The Captain gave me a Pair of 
good Buckfkin Shoes, the Prieft fix'd them on 
my Feet; and we ftay'd there that Night; 
where I flept with the Prieft, Captain & 
Lieut: The Lieutenant's Name was Ballock* 
he had been a Prifoner at Bofton, and had 
been at Northampton and the Towns there- 
abouts. This Day, which was the Sabbath, I 
was well treated by the French Officers with 
Victuals and Drink: We tarried there 'till 
Noon, then went off about a Mile, and put on 

*No doubt this refers to Sieur de Beaulac, "a reformed 
lieutenant," who commanded at Fort Chambly in 1746. 
N. Y. Col. Docs., vol. x, p. 36. 



34 HOWS NARRATIVE 

Shore; where they ftay'd the reft of the Day, 
and having Rum with them, moft of them 
were much Liquor'd. Pealtomy and his 
Squaw, and another Indian Family went with 
us, and by them I found out that Wm. Phips* 
kill'd an Indian, befides that wet wounded be- 
fore he was kill'd, for an Indian who was with 
us, afk'd me, if there was one kill'd near our 
Fort laft Summer? I told him, I did not 
know: He faid he had a Brother went out 
then, and had not feen him fince, and that he 
had heard he was kill'd at our Fort, and 
wanted to know if it was true : But I did not 
think it beft to tell him any fuch Thing was 
fufpected. 

But the Indians now got into a Frolick and 
quarel'd about me; they made me fet in the 
Canoe by the Water-fide: I was afraid they 
would hurt if not kill me: They attempted 
to come to me, but the fober Indians hinder'd 
them that were in Liquor. Pealtomy feeing 
the Rout went to the Fort, and foon after 
Lieut. Ballock, with fome Soldiers, came to us, 
[9] and when the Indians were made eafy, 
they went away : We lodg'd there that Night, 
and the next Day was a ftormy Day of Wind 

*William Phips was one of the original settlers of the 
Great Meadow (Putney, Vt). He was captured by the 
Indians on July 5th, 1745, while hoeing in his corn-field at 
the south-west corner of the meadow, and he was butchered 
about a half mile from the place, but not without his first 
succeeding in killing one of his captors and mortally 
wounding another. Cf. Doolittle's Short Narrative. Bos- 
ton, 1750, p. 2; N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register, vol. ix, p. 163. 

tA misprint in the original for "he." 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 35 

Snow & Rain ; fo that we* forc'd to tarry there 
that Day and the next Night; in this Time the 
Indians continued fetching Rum from the 
Fort, and kept half drunk: Here I under- 
went fome Hardfhip by ftaying there fo long 
in a Storm without Shelter or Blanket. They 
had a great Dance that Night, and hung up 
David Rugg's Scalp on a Pole, dancing round 
it: After they had done, they lay down to 
fleep. 

The next Morning, which was the tenth 
Day from the Time of my being taken, we 
went off in a Canoe, and the Night after we 
arrivM at the wide LakeJ and there we stay'd 
that Night; fome of the Indians went a hunt- 
ing, and kill'd a fat Buck-Deer, fo that we had 
Victuals plenty, for we had a full Supply of 
Bread given us at the Fort at Crown-Point. 

The next Morning the Wind being calm, 
we fet out about two Hours before Day; foon 
after came to a Schooner lying at Anchor, 
went on Board, the French treated us very 
civilly: 'They gave each of us a Dram of 
Rum, and Victuals to eat. As foon as it was 
Day we left the Schooner, & two Hours before 
Sun-fet got over the Lake, & next Day came 
to Shamballee,i where we met 300 French 
and 200 Indians, who did the Mifchief at & 

*The omission of "were" is so in the original. 

tLake Champlain. 

JFort Chambly, named from Jacques de Chambly, 
founder of the seigniory of Chambly. How's form is merely 
one of several phonetical spellings which are numerous in 
the documents. 



36 HOWS NARRATIVE 

about Mr. Lydius^ Fort.* I was taken out 
of the Canoe by two Frenchmen, and fled to 
a Houfe about ten Rods off as faft as I could 
run, the Indians flinging Snow-Balls at me. 
As foon as I got to the Houfe, the Indians 
ftood round me very thick, and bid me fing & 
dance; which I did with [10] them, in their 
Way, then they gave a Shout, and left off. Two 
of them came to me, one of whom fmote me on 
one Cheek, to'thert on the other, which made 
the Blood run plentifully. Then they bid me 
fing and dance again, which I did with them, 
and they with me, fhouting as before. Then 
two French Men took me under each Arm, 
and run fo faft that the Indians could not keep 
up with us to hurt me: We ran about 40 
Rods to another Houfe; where a Chair was 
bro't for me to fet down: The Houfe was 
foon full of French & Indians, and round the 
Houfe they were looking in at the Windows. 
A French Gentleman came to me, took me by 
the Hand, and led me into a fmall Room, 
where none came in but fuch as he admitted: 
He gave me Victuals and Drink: Several 
French Gentlemen and Indians came in, and 
were civil to me. The Indians who came in, 
could fpeak Englifh; they fhook Hands with 
me, calPd me, Brother. They told me they 
were all Soldiers, and were going to New- 



*Fort Edward, often called Fort Lydius, after John 
Henry Lydius, who was governor there for many years. 
tA vagary for "t'other." 



HOWS NARRATIVE 37 

England: They faid, they fhould go to my 
Town ; which was a great Damp to my Spirit, 
'till I heard of their Return, where they had 
been, and what they had done. A while after 
this, the Indians whom I belonged to, came to 
me, and told me we muft go; which we did; 
and after going down the River about two 
Miles, we came to the thickeft of the Town, 
where was a large Fort built with Stone and 
Lime, & very large and fine Houfes in it; 
where was the General of the Army I fpake 
of before: He afked me, what News from 
London and Bofton] I told him fuch as I tho't 
convenient, and omitted the reft; and then 
[11] went down to the Canoes, when fome of 
the Indians went and got a plenty of Bread & 
Beef, which they put into the Canoes, and then 
we went into a French Houfe, where we had 
a good Supper: There came in feveral French 
Gentlemen to fee me, who were civil to me; 
one of them gave me a Crown Sterl. We 
lodg'd there 'till about two Hours before Day, 
when we arofe, and went down the River;* 
I fuppofe we went a Hundred Milest that 
Day, which bro't us into the great River call'd 
Quebec-River' we lodg'd that Night in a 
French Houfe, and were civilly treated. 

The next Day we went down the River, and 
I was carried before the Governour there, 



*The Sorel River, also called Richelieu and Chambly. 
tEvidently an exaggeration, unless the distance includ- 
ed the Sorel and part of the St. Lawrence. 



38 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

which was the Sabbath, and the i6th Day 
after my being taken. We ftay'd there about 
three Hours, and were well treated by the 
French ; and then the Indians were order'd to 
carry me down to Quebeck\ which was 90 
Miles further: We went down the River 
about three Miles that Night; then went 
afhore, and lodg'd the remainder of the Night. 

The next Morning we fet off, and the 
fecond Day which was the i8th from the Time 
I was taken, we arrived at Quebec. The Land 
is inhabited on both Sides the River from the 
Lake to Quebec, which is at leaft two Hun- 
dred Miles, but efpecially from Shamballe 
very thick, fo that the Houfes are within Sight 
of one another all the Way. 

But to return; after we arrived at Quebec, 
I was carried up into a large Chamber which 
was full of Indians, who were civil to me: 
Many of the French came in to fee me, and 
were very kind to me: I [12] ftay'd there 
about two Hours, when a French Gentleman 
who could fpeak good Englifh came in and 
told me, I muft go with him to the Governour ; 
which I did; and after anfwering to a great 
many Queftions,* and treated with as much 
Bread & Wine as I defired, I was fent with 
an Officer to the Guard Houfe, and led into 
a fmall Room, where was an Englifh-Man 



*The nature of the questions and How's replies are 
given in Collection de Manuscrits relatifs a la Nouvelle- 
France, vol. iii, pp. 268-270. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 39 

named William Stroud, a Kinfman of the 
Hon. Judge Lynde's in New-England: He 
belong'd to South-Carolina, and had been at 
Quebec fix Years, whom the Governour kept 
confin'd for fear he fhou'd leave them and go 
to New-England, and difcover their Strength : 
Mr. Stroud and I were kept in the Guard- 
Houfe one Week, with a Sufficiency of Food 
and Drink: The French Gentlemen kept 
coming in to fee me, & was very civilly treated 
by them: I had the better Opportunity of 
difcourfing with them as Mr. Stroud was a 
good Interpreter. 

After this we were fent to Prifon, where I 
found one James ' Kinlade* who was taken 14 
Days before I was, at Sheepfcot at the Eaft- 
ward in New-England: I was much pleafed 
with^his Converfation, ef teeming him a Man 
of true Piety: We were kept in Prifon eight 
Days, with Liberty to keep in the Room with 
the Prifon-keeper. We were daily vifited 
by Gentlemen and Ladies, who fhew'd us 
great Ki'ndnefs, in giving us Money and other 
Things, and a pleafant Behaviour towards us; 
bleffed be God therefor, for I def ire to afcribe 
all the Favours I have been the Partaker of 
ever fince my Captivity, to the abundant 



*Kincaid, Kinkead or Kinkhead is of Gaelic origin, 
and in Scotland is written Kincade. He was captured on 
September 27th, 1745. His deposition to the French is 
printed in Coll de MSS. relatifs d la N.-F., vol. iii, pp. 261- 
262. 



40 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

Grace & Goodnefs of a bountiful God, as the 
firft Caufe. 

[13] After this, Mr. Kinlade and I were 
fend* to another Prifon, where were 22 Sea- 
men belonging to feveral Parts of our King's 
Dominions, three of them Captains of Veffels, 
viz James Southerland^ of Cape-Cod, Wil- 
liam ChipmarA of Marblehead, William 
Pote of Caj 'co-Bay; this Prifon was a large 
.House built with Stone & Lime two Feet thick, 
and about 120 Feet long. We had two large 
Stoves in it, & Wood enough, fo that we could 
keep ourfelves warm in the coldeft Weather. 
We had Provifion fufficient, viz. two Pound 
of good Wheat Bread, one Pound of Beef, and 
Peas anfwerable, to each Man ready drefs'd 
every day.ll 

When I had been there a few Days the 
Captives defir'd me to lead them in carrying 

*So printed in the original. 

tJames Sutherland, commander of the schooner Sea- 
flower. He was captured in Annapolis Basin, Nova Scotia, 
with Captain William Pote, Jr., and the full details are 
recorded in the Journal of the latter. 

^William Chapman was captured with his brigantine 
while "Bound from Maryland to London," on May 24th, 
1745. Pote's Journal, p. 80. 

His personal history is given in the appendix to his 
newly-found journal, edited by me for Bishop John P. 
Hurst. The Journal of Captain William Pote, Jr., during 
his Captivity in the French and Indian War from May, 
1745, to August, 1747. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 
1896. 8vo, pp. xxxvii+223, with Charles Morris's map of 
1749. In this work I have recorded the personal history of 
nearly all the captives referred to in How's pamphlet. 

IIHow was brought to this prison on Sunday, November 
17th, 1745. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 41 

on Morning and Evening Devotion, which I 
was willing to do: We had a Bible, a Pf aim- 
Book, and fome other good Books; our con- 
ftant Practice was to read a Chapter in the 
Bible, and fing Part of a Pfalm, and to pray, 
Night and Morning. 

When I was at the firft Prifon I was ftript 
of all my old and loufey Cloaths, and had 
other Cloathing given me from Head to Foot, 
and had many Kindneffes fhewn me by thofe 
that liv'd thereabouts, more efpecially by one 
Mr. Corby and his Wife, who gave me Money 
there, and brought me many good Things at 
the other Prifon. But here I was taken ill, 
as was alfo moft of the other Prifoners, with a 
Flux, which lafted near a Month, fo that I 
was grown very weak, but after that I was 
healthful, thro' divine Goodnefs, bleffed be 
God for it: I was much concern'd for my 
Country, efpecially for the Place I was taken 
from, [14] by Reafon that I met an Army 
going thither, as they told me : The ayth Day 
of November* we had News come to the 
Prifon that they were come back to Shamballe, 
and had taken upwards of a Hundred Cap- 
tives, which increas'd my Concern, for I ex- 
pected our Fort, & others thereabouts, were 
deftroy'd, which put me upon earneft Prayer 
to God, that he would give me Grace to fubmit 

"This information supplies a partial gap in Pole's 
Journal. It refers to the attack on Saratoga, the present 
Schuylerville, on the night of November 28 and 29 (new 
style), 1745. 



42 HO WS NARRA TIVE 

to his Will; after which I was eafy in my 
Mind. 

About a Fortnight after,* a Dutchman was 
bro't to Prifon, who was one of the Captives 
the f aid Army had taken ; he told me they had 
burnt Mr. Ly dins' s Fort, and all the Houfes 
at that new Townfhip, and had kill'd Capt. 
Schylerf and five or fix more, and had brought 
50 Whites and about 60 Negroes to Montreal: 
I was forry to hear of fo much Mifchief done, 
but rejoyc'd they had not been upon our River 
and the Towns thereabouts ; for which I gave 
Thanks to God for his great Goodnefs in pre- 
ferving them, and particularly my Family. 

When Chriftmas came,t the Governour fent 
us 24 Livres ; the Lord-Intendant came into 
the Prifon and gave us 24 Livres more, which 
was about two Guineas : He told us he hop'd 
we fhould be fent Home in a little Time; he 
was a pleafant Gentleman, and very kind to 
the Captives: Some time after Mr. Shearly 
a Gentleman of Quality came to us, and gave 
to the three Sea Captains 24 Livres, and to me 
twelve, and the next Day fent me a Bottle of 
Claret Wine. About ten Days after he fent 



*December llth (old style). Pote, p. 85. 

tApparently Capt. Nicholas Schuyler is meant, but he 
was not killed. 

IThe Canadians of course celebrated Christmas eleven 
days earlier than the New Englanders, or according to 
"new style." Cf. Pote, p. 85, under date of December 15th. 

M. de Chalet, interpreter of the King. This visit was 
made on January 10th, 1745-6. Cf. Pote, p. 85. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 43 

me twelve Livres more; it was in all eight 
Pounds old Tenor. 

[15] January 2Oth 1745, 6. Eighteen Cap- 
tives* were brought from Montreal to the 
Prifon at Quebec, which is 180 Miles. 

February 22. Seven Captives more who 
were taken at Albany^ were brought to the 
Prifon to us, viz. fix Men and one old Woman 
70 Years old, who had been fo infirm for 
feven Years paft, fhe had not been able to 
walk the Streets, yet perform'd this tedious 
Journey with Eafe. 

March 15. One of the Captives taken at 
Albany after 14 or 15 Days Sicknefs died in 
the Hofpital at Quebec, a Man of a fober 
pious Converfation, his Name was Lawrence 
Plafjer,\ a German born. 

May 3d 1746. Three Captives taken at 
Number Four, fixteen Miles above where I 
was taken, viz. Capt. John Spafford, Ifaac 
Parker, and Stephen Farnfworth, were 
brought to Prifon to us; who informed me 
my Farnily was well a few Days before they 
were taken, which rejoyc'd me much. I was 
forry for the Misfortune of thefe my Friends, 
but was glad of their Company, and of their 

"They were among those whom Lieutenant Marln had 
taken captive at Saratoga. Pote, p. 86. 

tSaratoga is correct. 

iDuring the many months in which captives had been 
confined in this prison, none had died. Lawrence Platter 
or Plater, according to Norton, p. 30, and Pote, p. 165, was 
the first to succumb to illness. He also was captured at 
Saratoga. 



44 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

being well ufed by thofe who took them : Let 
God have the Praife. 

May 14. Two Captives were brought into 
Prifon, viz. Jacob Read and Edward Clout- 
man, taken at a new Townfhip called Gorham- 
Town near Caj 'co-Bay. They inform'd us that 
one Man, and four Children of one of them 
were kill'd and his Wife taken at the fame 
Time with them, & was in the Hands of 
Indians.* 

May 1 6. Two lads, viz. James & Samuel 
Anderfon, Brothers, taken at Sheepfcot were 
bro't to Prifon. 

May 17. Samuel Burbank & David Wood- 
well, who were taken at New-Hopkington 
near Rumford, were [16] brought to Prifon, 
and inform'd us, there were taken with them 
two Sons of the faid Burbank, and the Wife, 
two Sons and a Daughter of the faid Wood- 
well, whom they left in the Hands of the 
Indians. t 

May 24. Thomas Jones of Hollifton, who 
was a Soldier at Contocook, was brought to 
Prifon, and told us, that one Eltfha Cook, and 
a Negro belonging to the Rev Mr. Stevens, 
were kill'd, when he was taken.t 

June i. William Aikings taken at Pleaf- 

*William Bryant and family. See names and details 
in Pote's Journal, pp. 88, 97, 104, 117. 
tCompare Pote's Journal, pp. 89, 90. 
JFuller details are given in Pote, p. 90. 
William Akins Pote, p. 90. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 45 

ant Point near George's Fort was brought 
alfo to Prifon. 

June 2. Mr Shearly* brought feveral 
Letters of Deacon Timothy Brown's of Lower- 
Afhuelots^ and Money, and deliver'd them to 
me; which made us think he was kill'd or 
taken. A few Days after, Mr. Shearly told 
me he was taken : I was glad to hear he was 
alive. 

June 6. Timothy Cumin gs^- aged 60 was 
bro't to Prifon, who informed us, he was at 
Work with five other Men, about 40 Rods 
from the Block-Houfe at George^s, when five 
Indians fhot at them, but hurt none. The 
Men ran away and left him & their Guns to 
the Indians; he told us that the Enfign was 
kill'd as he ftood on the Top of the Fort, and 
that the Englifh kill'd five Indians at the fame 
Time. 

June 13. Mr. Shearly bro't to the Cap- 
tives fome Letters which were fent from Al- 
bany, and among them one from Lieut Gov- 
ernour 1 Phipps of the Maffachufetts-Bay, to 
the Governour of Canada, for the Exchange 
of Prifoners, which gave us great Hopes of 
a fpeedy Releafe. 

June 22. Eight Men were brought to 
Prifon, among whom was Deacon Brown and 



*De Chalet. 

tNow Swanzey, N. H. 

JTimothy Cummings. 



46 HO W'S NARRA TIVE 

Robert Morfe* [17] who inform me there 
was fix or eight Indians kill'd a little before 
they were taken at Upper-Afhuelots, and that 
they learnt by the Indians who took them, 
there were fix more of the Englifh kill'd at 
other Places near Connecticut-River ; & fev- 
eral more much wounded; thefe laft, were 
fuppos'd to be the Wife and Children of the 
aforefaid Burbank and Woodwell. 

July 5. We fent a Petition to the chief 
Governor that we might be exchang'd; and 
the yth Mr. Shearly told us we fhould be 
exchang'd for other Captives in a little Time; 
which caus'd great Joy among us : The fame 
Day at Night John Beman of Northfield was 
bro't to Prifon, who told us, that an Expedi- 
tion againft Canada w r as on Foot, which much 
rejoyc'd us: He alfo told us of the three 
Fights at Number Four, and who were kill'd 
& taken ; and of Mifchief done in feveral other 
Places near Connecticut-River; and that my 
Brother Daniel How's Son Daniel was taken 
with him. and was in the Hands of Indians, 
who defsign'd to keep him.t 

July 20. John Jones a Seaman was brought 
into Prifon, who told us he was going from 



*Deacon Timothy Brown and Robert Moffat Potc, 
p. 91. 

tJohn Beaumont, Beaman or Bement and Daniel How 
were captured during an attack upon a number of men at 
work in the meadow at Bridgman's fort, on the site of Ver- 
non, Vermont. Cf. Pote, pp. 91, 92. 



HOWS NARRATIFE 47 

Cape-Breton to Newfoundland with one Eng- 
lifhman, and four Frenchmen who had fworn 
Allegiance to King George, and in the Paf- 
fage kill'd the other Englifhman, but carried 
him to the Bay of Arb, where there was an 
Army of French and Indians, to whom they 
delivered him; and by them was fent to Que- 
bec. 

July 21. John Richards and a Boy of nine 
or ten Years old, who belonged to Rochefter 
in New-Hampfhire, were brought to Prifon, 
and told us, there were four Englifhmen kill'd 
when they were taken.* 

[18] Auguft 15. Seven Captives, who with 
eight more taken at St. John's Ifland, were 
bro't to Prifon, and told us, that feveral were 
kill'd after Quarters were given, among whom 
was James Owen late of Brookfield in New- 
England.^ 

Auguft 16. Thomas Jones late of Sher- 
burne in New-England, after 7 or 8 Days 
Sicknefs died: He gave good Satisfaction as 
to his future State. 

Auguft 25. We had at Canada a Squal of 
Snow. 

September 12. Robert Downing who had 
been a Soldier at Cape-Breton, and was taken 
at St. John's, and who was with the Indians 



*For a full account see Pote, p. 93. 
fFor their names and the circumstances of their cap- 
ture, see Pote, p. 93. 

tPote calls him "Rob*- Dewen." 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 



two Months, and fufferM great Abufe from 
them, was brought to Prifon. 

September 15. Twenty-three of the Cap- 
tives taken at Hoofuck-Fort* were brought to 
Prifon, among whom was the Reverend Mr. 
John Norton: They inform us, that after 
fighting 26 Hours with 800 French and In- 
dians, they furrendered themfelves on Capitu- 
lation Prif oners of War : They alf o informed 
us, that Thomas Nation^ and Jofiah Read\ 
were kill'd when they were taken. The Names 
of thofe now brought in Prifoners, are as fol- 
lows, viz. The Rev. Mr. John Norton, John 
Hawks, John Smeed, his Wife and fix Child- 
ren, John Perry and his Wife, Mofes Scot his 
Wife and two Children, Samuel Goodman, 
Jonathan Bridgman, Nathan Ernes. Jofcph 
Scot, Amos Pratt, Benjamin Sinconds, Samuel 
Lbvet, David Warren, and Phineas Furbufh :\\ 

*Fort Massachusetts, in the present town of Adams, 
Berkshire County, Mass. The best contemporary account 
of its surrender is contained in Rev. John Norton's The 
Redeemed Captive, Being a Narrative Of the taking and 
carrying into Captivity The Reverend Mr. John Norton 
When Fort Massachusetts Surrendered to a large Body of 
French and Indians Aug. 20th, 17^6. Boston, 1748. It was 
reprinted, by Samuel G. Drake in 1870. 

tThomas Knowlton was shot through the head on the 
morning of August 20th, before the fort surrendered, "so 
that some of his brains came out, yet life remained in him 
for some hours." Norton, p. 8. 

iJosiah Reed had a "long and tedious sickness" at the 
time of the surrender, and "either died of his illness, or 
else was killed by the enemy," on the following night. 
Norton, pp. 12, 14. 

INathan Barnes. 

||Phinehas Forbush. 



HOWS NARRATIVE 49 

The two laft of thefe inform me, that my 
Brother Daniel How's Son was taken from the 
Indians, and lives with a French Gentleman at 
Montreal. There were four Captives more 
taken at Albany the laft Summer brought to 
Prifon the fame Day.* 

[19] September 26. Seventy-four Men and 
two Women taken at Sea were brought to 
Prifon.t 

October I. Jacob Shepardi of Wef thor- 
ough, taken at Hoofuck, was brought to Prif- 
on. 

Octob. 3. Jonath. Batherick was bro't to 
Prifon. 

October 5. Seventeen Men were brought 
to Prifon, three of them taken with Mr. Nor- 
ton & others, viz. Nath. Hitchcock, John 
Aldrick,\\ and Stephen Scot : Richard Subes^ 
who was taken at Ne<w-Cafco, fays, one Man 
was kill'd at the fame Time: Alfo Pike 

*Pote records the advent of the four from Albany, 
under date, of September 24th. 

tThey were a part of the prisoners captured by the 
French vessels, Le Castor and L'Aurore. Pote's Journal, 
pp. 96-97. 

t Jacob Shepherd was captured at Fort Massachusetts; 
was "a pious young man, well beloved," and died in cap- 
tivity on May 30th, 1747. Pote, pp. 98, 136; Norton, p. 39. 

This is an error. His name was Jonathan Donham 
or Dunham, a soldier, captured with Pote on May 17th, 
1745. He died on November 28th, 1746, after an illness of 
eight or ten days, of inflammation of the lungs. Pote, p. 98. 

1 1 John Aldrich. Norton, p. 29. 

URichard Stubs, who was captured August 26th, 1746. 
Pote, p. 98. 



50 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

Goo Jen* taken at Saco, was bro't to Prifon; 
he alfo fays, he had a Brother kill'd at the 
fame Time. 

October 12. 24 Seamen were bro't to Prif- 
on.t 

October 19. Six Seamen were brought to 
Prifon.t 

October 20. Jacob Read died. 

October 23. Edward Cloutman and Rob- 
ert Dunbar broke Prifon, and went for New- 
England. 

October 27. A Man was brought to Prif- 
on, and fays, the Indians took five more, and 
brought ten Scalps to Montreal. 

Nov. i. John Read died. 

Nov. 9. John Davis taken with Mr. Nor- 
man died. 

Nov. 17. Nathan Eames of Marlborough 
died. 

Nov. 19. Mr. Adamsl taken at Sheepfcot 
was bro't to Prifon, and fays that James An- 
derfon's Father was kill'd, and his Uncle tak- 
en at the fame Time. 

Nov. 20. Leonard Lydle & the Widow 
Sarah Briant, were married in Canada by the 
Reverend Mr. Norton. 



*Pike Gordon, son of Joseph Gordon, of Saco. Pote, 
p. 106. 

tThey were another installment of prisoners captured 
by the vessels Le Castor and L'Aurore. 

JThese belonged to the same as in preceding note. 
Robert Adams. Pote, p. 103; Norton, p. 32. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 51 

Nov. 22. The above faid Anderfon's Uncle 
was brought to Prifon.* 

Nov. 24. John BradfhaiVj who had not 
been well for moft of the Time he had been a 
Prifoner died. 

[20] It is a very melancholy Time with us; 
there are now thirty fick, and Deaths among 
us daily. 

Nov. 28. Jonathan Dunham died. 

Nov. 29. Capt. Bailey^ of Almfbury died. 

Dec. i. An Albany Mant died. 

Dec. 6. Pike Goodenl died, and we have 
Reafon to think he made a happy Change. 

Dec. 7. A GirlH of ten Year's of Age died. 

Dec. 1 1 . Mofes Scot's Wif elf died. 

Dec. 15. One of Capt. Roberfon's Lieu- 
tenants died.** 

Dec. 1 8. Daniel Woodwelf* Wife died;tt 
fhe was efteem'd a pious Woman, and we be- 
lieve made a happy Change. 

*Capt. John McNear. Pote, pp. 101, 104. 

tCapt. William Bagley is undoubtedly the correct 
name. Pote, p. 105; Norton, p. 33. 

tGeret Vanderverick. Pote, pp. 105, 165. Cf. also Nor- 
ton, p. 33. 

Pike Gordon. 

||Martha Quackinbush. Pote, p. 106; Norton, p. 33. 

UMiriam Scott. 

**John Boon, who belonged to Devonshire, England. He 
was an "apprentice" to Capt. David Roberts, captured at 
sea, May 1st, 1746, by L'Aurore and Le Castor. Pote, p. 
107; Norton, p. 33. 

ttMary, wife of David Woodwell, of New Hopkinton. 
Pote, pp. 90 (note), 107. 



52 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

Dec. 23. John Perry's Wife died.* 

Dec. 26. William Dayly^ of New-York 
dy'd hopefully. 

Jan. 3. 1746, 7. Jonathan Harthan\ died. 

7<2w. 4. The Rev. Mr. Norton was fo fai 
recover'd from Sicknefs, tha{t he preach'd 
two Difcourfes from Pfal. 60. 11. Give us 
help from Trouble, for vain is the help of 
Man. 

Jan. 12. Twenty Captives were carried to 
another Prifon, hoping thereby to cleanfe the 
other of the Infection ; the fame Night one of 
them died, viz. Phineas Andrews^ of Cape- 
Ann. 

Jan. 15. Jacob Bailey Brother to Capt. 
Bailey aforefaid, died.ll 

Jan. 17. Giat Brabant Capt Chapman's 
Carpenter died. 

Jan. 23. Samuel Lovet Son of Major Lovet 
of Mendon in New -En gland died. 

February 10. William Garivafs** died, as 
did alfo Mofes Scot's youngeft Child.tt 

*Rebecah Perry. On November 5th, 1748, John Perry 
represented his losses at the time of his capture, in a peti- 
tion to the Bay government, which is preserved in Mass. 
Archives, vol. 73, p. 246. 

tDaly, according to Pote, and spelled Daily by Norton. 

IPote and Norton give his name respectively as Hoga- 
don and Hogadorn. 

Francis Andrews. Pote, p. 109; Norton, p. 34. 

||Jacob Bagley. 

IfGuy Braband. Pote, p. 110; Guyart Brabbon. Nor- 
ton, p. 34. 

**"William Galboath, a Scots-man." Norton, p. 35. 

ttAlso named Moses Scott, and about two years of age. 
Norton, p. 35. 



HOWS NARRATIVE 53 

Feb. 15. My Nephew Daniel How and 
fix more [21] were brought down from Mon- 
treal to Quebec, viz. John Sunderland, John 
Smith, Richard Smith, William Scot, Philip 
Scoffil, and Benjamin Tainter, Son to Lieut. 
Tainter of Weftborough in New-England. 

Febr. 23. Richard Bennet died. 

Feb. 25. Michal Dugon* died. 

March 1 8. James Margra\ died. 

March 22. Capt. /O/ZTZ For/ & 5am. Good- 
man died. 

M0rc/r 28. 1747. The Wife* of John 
Smeed, died, who left fix Children, the young- 
eft of which was born the fecond Night after 
the Mother was taken. 

April 7. Philip Scaffield died. 

April 8. John Saneld died. 

April 9. Capt. James Jordan & one of his 
Menll died. 

April 1 2. Amos Pratt of Shrewsbury died. 

April 14. Timothy Cummings died. 

yf^riV 17. /O/ZH DiV/ of Huin in 
England died. 



* Spelled Dugan by Pote, and Dogan by Norton. 

t James Megraw. Pote, p. 166; "Thomas Magra, an 
Irishman." Norton, p. 35. 

tMary Smeed. For the tragical history of the Smeed 
or Smead family, see Pote, p. 115 (note). 

John Smeed, son of John Smeed is meant. Pote, p. 
116. 

1 1 Antonio, a Portuguese sailor. Pote, p. 116; Norton, 
p. 36. 

HNorton, p. 36, says he "belonged to Nantaskett." 



54 HOWS NARRATIVE 

April 1 8. Samuel Venhon* of Plimouth 
died. 

April 26. Capt. Jonathan Williamson was 
brought to Prifon; he was taken at a new 
Town on Sheep-cot River. 

April 26. Three Men were brought to 
Prifon, who were taken at Albany three Weeks 
before, and tell us, that thirteen were kill'd, 
Capt. Trent one of them, they were all Sol- 
diers for the Expedition to Canada. 

April 27. Joseph Denox^ died. 

April 28. Samuel Evans died. The fame 
Night the Prifon took Fire, and was burnt,t 
but the Things therein were moftly faved: 
We were kept that Night under a Guard. 

May 7. Sarah Lydle whofe Name was 
Briant when fhe was taken, and married while 
a Captive, died. 

[22] May 13. Mr. Smeed^s Son Daniel 
died. 

May 14. Christian Fether died. The 
fame Day died Mr. Hezekiah Huntington, a 
hopeful Youth of a liberal Education, Son to 
Col. Huntington\\ of Connecticut, in New- 
England. 

May 15. Joseph Gray died. 

*Samuel Vaughan is the correct name. Pote, p. 118. 

t Joseph Denen. Pote, p. 118; Norton says, "Joseph 
Denning of Cape Ann." 

iPote gives a detailed account of the fire. Journal, 
pp. 122-125. 

Chriatian Vedder. Pote spells his name "Vader," 
and Norton gives it as "Tedder." 

[(Deacon Hezekiah Huntington, of Norwich, Conn. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 55 

May 19. Samuel Burbanks* died. At the 
fame Time died two Childrent who were put 
out to the French to Nurfe. 

At that Time I received a Letter from 
Major Willard, dated March 17. 1747, where- 
in he informs me, my Family was well ; which 
was joyful News to me. 

May 19. Abraham Forti- died. 



*Samuel Burbank, of New Hopkinton. 
fOne of these was Captivity Smeed, aged about nine 
months. She died, May 17th or 18th. 
tHe was a brother of John Fort. 



56 HOW'S NARRATIVE 



By another Hand. 

MAY 25, 1747. This Day died Mr. Jfrljmutl? 
if0W, in the Hofpital at Quebec in Cana- 
da, in the 55th Year of his Age ; who had 
been a Captive there one Year, feven Months, 
and fifteen Days : He enjoy' d his Health 'till 
about the middle of this Month: He was a 
loving Hufband, and a tender Father; greatly 
belov'd by his Brethren and Sifters, and in- 
deed by every One who was acquainted with 
him: Mr. How was a Perfon who had be- 
hav'd himfelf as a Chriftian from his Youth. 
His Death is a great Lofs to his Friends; but 
I believe a Gain to himfelf; and that he is 
gone from a Captivity of Sorrow on Earth, 
to join in Songs of everlafting Joy among the 
Ranfom'd of the Lord in the heavenly Zion. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 



[23] The Names of the Subfcribers, with 
the Places of their Abode, to the foregoing 
Narrative, with the Number of Books fub- 
fcribed for. 

Worcester. 

The Hon. John Chandler, Efq; Six Books. 

Major Daniel Howard, fix Books. 

Mr. Thomas Wheeler, fix Books. 

Mr. John Curtifs, fix Books. 

Concord, The Hon. James Minot, Efq; 

fix Books. 

Mr. Thomas Munrow, fix Books. 
Mr. Henry Flint, fix Books. 

Bofton, Mr. Jonas Leonard, fix Books. 
Mr. John Burbeeen [sic] 

fix Books. 

Rutland, ' Capt. Jofeph Stevens, fix Books. 
Capt. Edward Rice, fix Books, 
Mr. Mofes Leonard, fix Books. 
Mr. Andrew Henry, fix Books. 
Mr. Thomas Flint, fix Books. 
Mr. Nathan Stone, fix Books. 
Mr. James Calwell, fix Books. 
Mr. Jofeph Houlton, fix Books. 
Mr. Aaron Rofs, fix Books. 

Capt. John Hubbard, fix Books. 



58 HOW'S NARRATIVE 

Rutland, Mr. Edward Savage, fix Books. 

Mr. Eliphalet How, fix Books. 

Mr. Jonas Stone, fix Books. 

Mr. Daniel Davis, three Books. 

Mr. Ifrael How, fix Books. 

Mr. Benjamin Willard,i\x Books. 

Mr. Skelten Felton, fix Books. 

Deacon Eleazer Ball, fix Books. 

Mr. Mofes How, feven Books. 
[24] Lancaster, Samuel Willard, Efq; 

fix Books. 

Mr. Joshua Hide, fix Books. 
Cambridge, William Brattle, Efq; fix Books. 

Edmund Goffe, Efq ; fix Books- 
Stoughton, John Shepard, Efq; fix Books. 
ShrewfburyjMr. Daniel Willard, feven Books. 
Hartford, Mr. Edward Cadwell, Jun. 

fix Books. 

Brimfieldf Mr. Daniel Burt, fix Books. 
Sturbridge, Capt. Mofes Marfey, fix Books. 
Norton, Capt. Jonathan Lawrence, 

feven Books. 
Sudbury, Mr. Ifaac Baldwin, fix Books. 

Mr. David How, fix Books. 

Mr. Ezekiel How, fix Books. 
Brookfield, Oliver Hay ward, Efq ; fix Books. 

Mr. Ebenezer How, fix Books. 

Mr. Abner Brown, fix Books. 
Uxbridge, John Harwood, Efq; fix Books. 
Upton, Mr. Jonathan Wood, fix Books. 

Woodftock, Mr. 7o/V/>/z Chaff e, Jun. 

fix Books. 



HOW'S NARRATIVE 59 

Mendon, Mr. William Rawfon, Jun. 

fix Books. 

Toivnfhend, Mr. Timothy Heald, fix Books. 
LeicefteT) Mr. Oliver Witt, five Books. 

Marlboro\ Mr. Ephraim Bridgham, 

fix Books. 

Springfield, Mr. Lz/ Stebbins, fix Books. 
Mr. Nathaniel Ely, fix Books. 



INDEX 



ABENAKIS of St. Francis, cap- 
ture Nehemiah How on Great 
Meadow, 10. 

Adams, Robert, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 50, 50 note. 

Adams, Berkshire County, Mass., 
site of Fort Massachusetts, 15; 
captives from, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 47, 49, 49 note; 
depredation at Fort Massachu- 
setts, 48, 48 note. 

Aikings, William. See Akins. 

Akins, William, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 44-45. 

Albany, N. Y., 43, 45, 49, 49 note, 
51, 54. 

Aldrich, John, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 49. 

Alexander, Bbenezer, captain, 
marches with company to pro- 
tect frontiers near Great Mead- 
ow, 9. 

Almsbury, perhaps an error for 
Newbury, Mass., 51. 

Amrusus, Indian, husband of 
Eunice Williams, visits How at 
Crown Point, 32, 32 note. 

Anderson, Sr., James, father of 
James and Samuel, killed, 50. 

Anderson, Jr., James, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 44; his fath- 
er killed, 50; Capt. John Mc- 
Near his uncle, 50, 51, 51 note. 

Anderson, Samuel, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 44. 

Andrews, Francis, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Andrews, Phineas. See Andrews, 
Francis. 



Annapolis Basin, Nova Scotia, 
vessels captured in, 40 note. 

Antonio, a Portuguese, dies in 
prison at Quebec, 53, 53 note. 

BAGLEY, Jacob, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Bagley, William, captain, dies in 
prison at Quebec, 51, 51 note; 
his brother dies at Quebec, 52. 

Bailey, Jacob. See Bagley. 

Bailey, William, captain. See 
Bagley. 

Baker, Robert, settles at Great 
Meadow, 8; narrowly escapes 
death by Indians, 12, 28. 

Baldwin, Isaac, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Ball, Eleazer, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

Ballock, Lieut. See Beaulac, 
Sieur de. 

Batherick, Jonathan. See Don- 
ham. 

Bay of Arb, army of French and 
Indians at, 47. 

Beaman, John. See Bement. 

Beaulac, Sieur de, French lieu- 
tenant at Fort Chambly, a pris- 
oner at Boston, 33; at Crown 
Point, 33; subdues boisterous- 
ness of drunken Indians, 34. 

Beaumont, John. See Bement. 

Beman, John. See Bement. 

Bement, John, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 46; account of, 46 
note. 

Bennet, Richard, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 53. 



62 



INDEX 



Bent, Martha. See How, Martha 
(Bent). i 

Black River, Vermont, 12; locat- 
ed, 29 note. 

Boon, John, apprentice to Capt. 
David Roberts, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 50, 51 note. 

Boscawen, N. H., formerly Con- 
toocook, soldier from, brought 
to prison at Quebec, 44. 

Boston, Mass., 57; How's tract 
printed originally at, 17, 25; 
Rev. John Williams returns 
from captivity to, 32; Sieur 
de Beaulac, French lieutenant, 
prisoner at, 33; How inter- 
viewed concerning news from, 
37. 

Braban, Giat. See Braband, Guy. 

Braband, Guy, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Brabbon, Guy art. See Braband, 
Guy. 

Bradshaw, John, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 51. 

Brattle, William, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Briant, Sarah. See Lydle, Sarah. 

Bridgman, Ephraim, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 59. 

Bridgman, Jonathan, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 48. 

Bridgman's Fort. See Vernon, Vt. 

Brimfield, Mass., 58. 

Brinley, George, his copy of 
How's tract in New York Pub- 
lic Library, 16. 

Brookfield, Mass., 47, 58. 

Brown, Abner, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Brown, Timothy, letters from, 
delivered to How, 45; brought 
to prison at Quebec, 45, 46 note. 

Bryant, Sarah. See Lydle, Sarah. 

Bryant, William, killed at Gor- 
hamtown, 44, 44 note; his wid- 
ow married to Leonard Lydle 
in prison, 50. 



Bryant family, 44, 44 note. 

Burbank, Samuel, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 44; two sons 
of, captured, 44; wife and chil- 
dren of, 46; dies in prison, 55. 

Burbeen, John, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

Burt, Daniel, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 



CADWELL (Caldwell?), Jr., Ed- 
ward, original subscriber for 
How's tract, 58. 

Calwell (Caldwell?), James, orig- 
inal subscriber for How's 
tract, 57. 

Cambridge, Mass., 58. 

Canada, 11, 17, 20, 25, 32 note, 
47, 50, 54, 56; governor of, re- 
ceives letter from Mass., for 
exchange of prisoners, 45; pro- 
posed expedition against, 46. 

Cape Ann, prisoners from, die at 
Quebec, 52, 54 note. 

Cape Breton, 47. 

Cape Cod, Mass., 40. 

Casco Bay, Maine, 40, 44. 

Chaffe, Jr., Joseph, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Chalet, M. de (written Shearly 
by How), interpreter of the 
King, visits prisoners at Que- 
bec, 42, 42 note, 45, 46. 

Chambly, fort, 12, 38, 41; Sieur 
de Beaulac commands at, 33 
tiote; How and his captors ar- 
rive at, 35; number of French 
and Indians there in October, 
1745, 35-37; origin of name, 35 
note; description of, 37. 

Chambly River. See Sorel River. 

Chandler, John, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

Chapman, William, captain, in 
prison at Quebec, 40; account 
of, 40 note; his carpenter dies 
at Quebec, 52. 



INDEX 



Charlestown, N. H., formerly 
called "No. 4," Indians at, 12, 
29; Col. Josiah Willard with 
scouting party at, 13; captives 
from, brought to prison at Que- 
bec, 43; three attacks on, 46. 

Christmas, celebrated in prison 
at Quebec, 42, 42 note. 

Clapp, Sarah (Leavitt). See How, 
Sarah (Leavitt) (Clapp). 

Cloutman, Jr., Edward, brought 
to prison at Quebec, 44; es- 
capes from prison, 50. 

Concord, Mass., 57. , 

Connecticut, 54. 

Connecticut River, 7, 11, 28, 29 
note; land-grants in valley of, 
8; Indian incursions along val- 
ley of, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 46. 

Contoocook. See Boscawen, N. M. 

Cook, Elisha, killed at Contoo- 
cook, now Boscawen, N. H., 44. 

Corby, M., he and his wife are 
kind to How in prison, 41. 

Crisson, Thomas, settles at "No. 
2," 8. 

Crown Point, fort, 12, 31; des- 
cription of, 32; Indians sup- 
plied with bread at, 35. 

Cummings, Timothy, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 45; dies in 
prison, 53. 

Curtiss, John, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 57. 

DAILY, William, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Daly, William. See Daily. 

Davis, Daniel, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

Davis, John, dies at Quebec, 50. 

Dayly, William. See Daily. 

De Chalet. See Chalet. 

De Rogers. See Amrusus. 

Deerfield, Mass., 13; Indian in- 
cursion at, in 1704, 32 note; 
Rev. John Williams first min- 
ister of, 32 note. 



Denen, Joseph, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 54. 

Denning, Joseph. See Denen. 

Denox, Joseph. See Denen. 

Devonshire, England, 51 note. 

Dewen, Robert. See Downing. 

Dill, John, dies in prison at Que- 
bec, 53. 

Dogan, Michael. See Dugan. 

Donham, Jonathan, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 49, 49 note; 
dies at Quebec, 51. 

Downing, Robert, also called De- 
wen, brought to prison at Que- 
bec, 47, 48. 

Drake, Samuel Gardiner, esti- 
mate of his editorial work, 
15, 16. 

Dugan, Michael, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 53. 

Dunbar, Robert, escapes from 
prison at Quebec, 50. 

Dunham, Jonathan. See Donham. 

EAMES, Nathan, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 48, 48 note; dies 
at Quebec, 50. 

Ely, Nathaniel, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 59. 

Ernes, Nathan. See Eames. 

Evans, Samuel, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 54. 

FARNSWORTH, Stephen, brought 
to prison at Quebec, 43. 

Pelton, Skelten, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Fether, Christian. See Vedder. 

Five Years' French and Indian 
War, 8; narratives of Indian 
Captivities during, 15-17, 40 
note. 

Flint, Henry, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 57. 

Flint, Thomas, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 57. 

Forbush, Phinehas, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 48, 48 note. 



INDEX 



Fort, Abraham, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 55. 

Fort, John, captain, dies in pris- 
on at Quebec, 53; his brother 
dies in prison, 55, 55 note. 

Fort Chambly. See Chambly. 

Fort Crown Point. See Crown 
Point. 

Fort Dummer, 13, 17, 25, 27. 

Fort Edward, also called Fort 
Lydius, French and Indians 
who attacked, at Fort Cham- 
bly, 35, 36; its names, 36 note; 
depredation at, 42. 

Fort Hill, built in the Great 
Meadow, at Putney, Vt., 8, 41; 
Indians attack, 10, 11, 27; 
burned by Indians, 14. 

Fort Hinsdale. See Hinsdale's 
Fort. 

Fort Lydius. See Fort Edward. 

Fort Massachusetts. See Adams, 
Berkshire County, Mass. 

Fort Shattuck. See Shattuck's 
Fort. 

Fort Ticonderoga, 12, 31 note. 

Furbush, Phineas. See Forbush, 
Phinehas. 

GALBOATH, William, dies in pris- 
on at Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Garwafs, William. See Galboath. 

George II, Frenchmen swear al- 
legiance to, 47. 

George's Fort, Maine, 45; cap- 
tive from, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 45; depredation at, 
45. 

Goffe, Edmund, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Gooden, Pike. See Gordon. 

Goodman, Samuel, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 48; dies in 
prison, 53. 

Gordon, Joseph, father of Pike 
Gordon, 50 note. 



Gordon, Pike, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 50; his brother kill- 
ed at Saco, 50; dies at Quebec, 
51. 

Gorhamtown, Maine, captives 
from, brought to prison at Que. 
bee, 44. 

Grafton, Mass., 8, 19. 

Gray, Joseph, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 54. 

Great Meadow. See Putney, 
Windham County, Vermont. 

HARTFORD, Conn., 58. 

Harthan, Jonathan. See Hoga- 
dorn. 

Harwood, John, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Hawks, John, sergeant, brought 
to prison at Quebec, 48. 

Hayward, Oliver, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Heald, Timothy, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 59. 

Henry, Andrew, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

Hide, Joshua, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

Hinsdale's Fort, 14. 

Hitchcock, Nathaniel, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 49. 

Hodinhull, Warwickshire, Eng- 
land, probable home of Nehe- 
miah How's ancestors, 18. 

Hogadorn, Jonathan, dies in 
prison at Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Holliston, Mass., captive from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
44. 

Hoosuck Fort, otherwise called 
Fort Massachusetts. See 
Adams, Berkshire County, 
Mass. 

Hopkinton, N. H., captives from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
44; prisoners from, die at Que- 
bec, 51 note, 55. 



INDEX 



Houlton, Joseph, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

How, Abner, son of Nehemiah 
How, 20. 

How, Caleb, the 1st, son of Ne- 
hemiah How, 20. 

How, Caleb, the 2d, son of Ne- 
hemiah How, narrowly es- 
capes capture by Indians, 12, 
29; married the widow of Wil- 
liam Phips, 20; scalped by In- 
dians, 20. 

How, Lord Charles, Earl of Lan- 
caster, 18. 

How, Sr., Daniel, brother of Ne- 
hemiah How, 46, 49. 

How, Jr., Daniel, nephew of Ne- 
hemiah How, settles at "No. 2," 
8; captured by Indians, 46, 49; 
lives with a Frenchman at 
Montreal, 49; brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 53. 

How, David, original subscriber 
for How's tract, 58. 

How, Easter, daughter of Ne- 
hemiah How, 20. 

How, Ebenezer, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

How, Edward, son of Nehemiah 
How, 20. 

How, Eliphalet, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

How, EzekieJ, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

How, Hannah, daughter of Nehe- 
miah How, 20. 

How, Israel, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

How, Jemima (Phips), wife of 
Caleb How, 2d, captured by 
Indians, 20. 

How, John, probably of Hodin- 
hull, Warwickshire, England, 
great-grandfather of Nehemiah 
How, 18. 

How (Howe), John, grandfather 
of Nehemiah How, 18, 19. 



How, Joshua, son of Nehemiah 
How, 20. 

How, Margaret (Willard), wife 
of Nehemiah How, 19. 

How, Martha (Bent), first wife 
of Samuel How, father of Ne- 
hemiah How, 19. 

How, Martha, daughter of Nehe- 
miah How, 20. 

How, Mary, paternal grandmoth- 
er of Nehemiah How, 19. 

How, Mary, daughter of Nehe- 
miah How, 20. 

How, Moses, original subscriber 
for How's tract, 58. 

How, Nehemiah, settles at Great 
Meadow, 8; captured by Aben- 
akis at Great Meadow, 10, 27; 
his deposition to governor at 
Quebec, 11, 38; led to Canada, 
11-13; maltreated by Iroquois 
at Chambly, 12; bibliography 
of his "Narrative," 15-17; gen- 
ealogy of, 18-21; death of, 20- 
21, 56; writes his name on 
bark for Indians, 29; at Crown 
Point, 32; dances for Indians 
at Crown Point, 33; Indians 
quarrel about, 34; arrives at 
Fort Chambly, 35-37; Indians 
pelt him with snowballs, 36; 
dances for Indians at Chambly, 
36; beaten by two Indians and 
rescued by Frenchmen, 36; ar- 
rives at Quebec, 38; sent to 
guard house at Quebec, 38; 
sent to prison-keeper's quar- 
ters at Quebec, 39, 41; sent to 
regular prison at Quebec, 40, 
40 note; leads the prisoners in 
morning and evening devotion, 
40-41; ill in prison, 41, 56; sev- 
eral friends of, brought to pris- 
on, 43; letters of Deacon Tim- 
othy Brown brought to, 45; 
receives letter from his fath- 
er-in-law, 55; obituary of, 56. 



66 



INDEX 



How, Samuel, lieutenant, father 
of Nehemiah How, 19. 

How, Samuel, son of Nehemiah 
How, 20. 

How, Sarah (Leavitt) (Clapp), 
second wife of Samuel How, 
and mother of Nehemiah How, 
19. 

How, Sarah, daughter of Nehe- 
miah How, 20. 

How, Submit, child of Nehemiah 
How, 20. 

How family, genealogy of, 18-21. 

Howard, Daniel, major, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 57. 

Hubbard, John, captain, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 57. 

Hull, Mass., 53. 

Huntington, Sr., Hezekiah, his 
son dies in prison at Quebec, 
54, 54 note. 

Huntington, Jr., Hezekiah, dies 
in prison at Quebec, 54. 

Hyde. See Hide. 



INDIANS, 7; depredations by, on 
or near Great Meadow, 8, 9, 
10, 11, 27-29; kill David Rugg, 
11-12; attempt to burn Shat- 
tuck's Fort; 14; burn fort at 
Great Meadow, 14; method of 
indicating their tracks, 28; 
paint and erect on pole the 
scalp of David Rugg, 31; sing 
and dance around How, 31; 
require How to dance, 33, 36; 
intoxicated, 34, 35; quarrel 
about How, 34; subdued by 
Sieur de Beaulac, 34; dance 
around scalp of David Rugg, 
35; number at Fort Chambly 
when How arrived there, 35; 
throw snowballs at How, 36; 
two of them beat How, 36; 
threaten to go against the 
Great Meadow settlement, 36- 



37; depredations by, 42, 44, 45, 
46, 47, 48, 49, 50. 

See also under family and 
tribal names for other refer- 
ences. 

Iroquois, maltreat Nehemiah 
How, 12. 

JONES, John, brought to prison at 

Quebec, 46-47. 
Jones, Thomas, brought to prison 

at Quebec, 44; dies at Quebec, 

47. 
Jordan, James, captain, dies in 

prison at Quebec, 53; one of 

his men dies in prison, 53. 

KEENE, N. H., 13; captive from, 

'brought to prison at Quebec, 

46. 
Kincaid, origin of family name 

of, 39 note. 
Kincaid, James, imprisoned at 

Quebec, 39, 40; account of, 39 

note. 

Kinkead, Kinkhead. See Kincaid. 
Kinlade, James. See Kincaid. 
Knowles, Sir Charles, 29 note. 
Knowlton, Thomas, killed at 

Fort Massachusetts, 48, 48 

note. 

LAKE} CHAMPLAIN, 12, 31, 34, 38. 
Lancaster, Mass., 8, 58. 
Lancaster, Earl of. See How, 

Lord Charles. 
Larrabee's Point, Vermont, 12, 

31 note. 
L'Aurore, French ship, persons 

captured by, brought to prison 

at Quebec, 49, 50, 50 note, 51 

note. 
Lawrence, Jonathan, captain, 

original subscriber for How's 

tract, 58. 
Leavitt, Sarah. See How, Sarah 

(Leavitt) (Clapp). 



INDEX 



67 



Le Castor, French ship, persons 
captured by, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 49, 50, 50 note, 51 
note. 

Leicester, Mass., 59. 

Leonard, Jonas, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

Leonard, Moses, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

London, England, 37, 40 note. 

Lovet, Major, of Mendon, Mass., 
his son dies in prison at Que- 
bec, 52. 

Lovet, Samuel, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 48; dies at Que- 
bec, 52. 

Lower Ashuelot. See Swanzey, 
N. H. 

Lydius, John Henry, governor of 
Fort Edward, also called Fort 
Lydius, 36 note, 42. 

Lydius's Fort. See Fort Edward. 

Lydle, Leonard, prisoner at Que- 
bec, marries the widow of 
William Bryant, 50; his wife 
dies in prison, 54. 

Lydle, Sarah, widow of William 
Bryant, married in prison to 
Leonard Lydle, 50; dies in 
prison at Quebec, 54. 

Lynde, Judge, of New England, 
39. 



McGRAW. See Megraw. 

McNear, John, captain, uncle of 
James Anderson, Jr., captur- 
ed, 50; brought to prison at 
Quebec, 51, 51 note. 

Magra, Thomas. See Megraw, 
James. 

Marbleheal, Mass., 40. 

Margra, James. See Megraw. 

Marin, M., lieutenant, depreda- 
tion by, at Saratoga, 43 note. 

Marlborough, Mass., 18, 19, 50, 
59. 



Marsey, Moses, captain, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 58. 

Maryland, 40 note. 

Massachusetts, land-grants in 
valley of the Connecticut 
granted by, 7-8; schooner 
"Montague," commanded by 
Capt. William Pote, Jr., in ser- 
vice of, 15; genealogical data 
on How family in, 18-21; sends 
letter for exchange of prison- 
ers at Quebec, 45; John Perry 
petitions government of, con- 
cerning losses, 52 note. 

Megraw, James, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 53. 

Melvin, Eleazer, captain, pur- 
sues Indians trying to burn 
Shattuck's Fort, 14. 

Mendon, Mass., 52, 59. 

Minot, James, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 57. 

Moffat, Robert, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 46. 

Montague, schooner, Capt. Wil- 
liam Pote, Jr., master, 15. 

Montreal, prisoners brought to, 
42, 49, 50; prisoners from, 
brought to Quebec, 43, 53; 
scalps brought to, 50. 

Morris, Charles, his map pub- 
lished with Pote's "Journal," 
40 note. 

Morse, Robert. See Moffat. 

Munrow, Thomas, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

NALTON, Thomas. See Knowlton. 

Nantasket, Mass., 53 note. 

New Casco, incursion at, 49, 49 
note. 

New England, 36-37, 39, 47, 50, 
52, 53, 54. 

New Hampshire, grants town 
charter to Great Meadow set- 
tlers, 14. 

New Hopkinton. See Hopkinton, 
N. H. 



68 



INDEX 



New York, grants town charter 
to settlers at Great Meadow, 
14; prisoner from, dies at 
Quebec, 52. 

New York Public Library (Len- 
ox Library Building), depos- 
itory of the copy of How's 
tract used for this reprint, 
16, 23. 

Newfoundland, 47. 

Norman, Mr., captive, 50. 

Northfield, Mass., 13, 14, 46. 

Northampton, Mass., 33. 

Norton, Mass., 58. 

Norton, Rev. John, 49; account 
of his "Redeemed Captive," 15- 
16, 48 note; brought to prison 
at Quebec, 48; marries Leonard 
Lydle and Sarah Bryant in 
prison, 50; recovers from ill- 
ness and preaches in prison 
at Quebec, 52. 

Norwich, Conn., 54 note. 

Nova Scotia, 40 note. 

Number Four (No. 4). See 
Charlestown, N. H. 

Number Two (No. 2). See West- 
moreland, N. H. 

Nutting, Samuel, narrowly es- 
capes capture by Indians, 12, 
29. 

OWEN, James, of Brookfield, 
Mass., killed on St. John's 
Island, 47. 

PAEKER, Isaac, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 43. 

Pealtomy, Indian, visits How at 
Crown Point, 32, 33; converses 
with How, 34. 

Perry, John, he and wife 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
48; his wife dies at Quebec, 52, 
52 note; petitions government 
of Massachusetts concerning 
his losses, 52 note. 



Perry, Rebecah, wife of John 
Perry, dies in prison at Que- 
bec, 52, 52 note. 

Phips, Jemima. See How, Jemi- 
ma (Phips). 

Phips, Spencer, lieutenant-gov- 
ernor of Mass., sends letter to 
Canada for exchange of pris- 
oners, 45. 

Phips, William, settles at Great 
Meadow, 8, 34 note; killed by 
Indians on Great Meadow, 9, 
34; his widow, Jemima, mar- 
ried to Caleb How, 2d, son of 
Nehemiah How, 20; account 
of, 34 note. 

Plaffer, Lawrence. See Platter. 

Platter, Lawrence, captured at 
Saratoga, dies at Quebec, 43, 43 
note. 

Pleasant Point, near George's 
Fort, Maine, captive from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
44-45. 

Plymouth, Mass., 54. 

Pote, Jr., William, captain, mas- 
ter of the schooner Montague, 
account of his "Journal," 15, 
40 note; his opinion of Nehe- 
miah How, 21; in prison at 
Quebec, 40; gap in his "Journ- 
al," supplied by How, 41 note; 
fellow captive of, arrives at 
Quebec prison, 49, 49 note. 

Pratt, Amos, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 48; dies in prison, 
53. 

Prince Edward Island, formerly 
St. John's, depredation on, 47; 
captives from, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 47, 48. 

Prisoners, at Montreal, 42, 49, 50, 
53; at Quebec, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 
45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, 
55; letter from Mass., propos- 
ing exchange of, 45; petition 



INDEX 



69 



governor of Canada to be ex- 
changed, 46; illness and mor- 
tality of, at Quebec, 51; isola- 
tion of the sick, at Quebec, 52. 
Putney, Windham County, Ver- 
mont, description of, 7; his- 
tory of, 7-14; Indian incur- 
sions at, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 27-28, 
34 note; Col. Josiah Willard 
reconnoiters the region, in pur- 
suit of Indians, 13-14; fort at, 
burned by Indians, 14; desert- 
ed region resettled, 14; new 
fort built, 14; town charter 
granted by New Hampshire, 
14; town charter granted by 
New York, 14; organized as 
town, 14; Nehemiah How orig- 
inal settler on Great Meadow 
at, 19; How's capture by In- 
dians at, 27; Indians at Fort 
Chambly threaten to attack 
again, 36-37. 

QUACKINBTJSH, Martha, dies in 
prison at Quebec, 51, 51 note. 

Quebec, 8, 11, 12, 15, 20, 32 note; 
How arrives at, 38; prison- 
keeper's quarters at, 39; des- 
cription of regular prison at, 
40; rations to prisoners at, 40; 
illness of prisoners at, 41; 
governor at, sends money to 
prisoners, 42; royal intendant 
at, sends money to prisoners, 
42; prisoners from Montreal 
brought to, 43; captives im- 
prisoned at, 39, 40, 42, 43, 44, 
45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54; 
deaths of prisoners at, 43, 47, 
49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56; 
snow in August at, 47; two 
captives married in prison at, 
50; illness and mortality of 
prisoners at, 51; sick prison- 
ers isolated at, 52; prison at, 
burned, 54, 54 note. 



Quebec River. See St. Lawrence 
River. 

RAWSON, Jr., William, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 59. 

Read, Jacob, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 44; dies at Que- 
bec, 50. 

Read, John, dies at Quebec, 50. 

Read, Josiah. See Reed. 

Reed, Josiah, of Fort Massachu- 
setts, dies, 48, 48 note. 

Rice, Edward, captain, original 
subscriber for How's tract, 57. 

Richards, John, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 47. 

Richelieu River. See Sorel River. 

Roberson. See Roberts, David, 
captain. 

Roberts, David, captain, his ap- 
prentice dies in prison at Que- 
bec, 50, 51 note. 

Rochester, N. H., captives from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
47; depredation at, 47, 47 note. 

Ross, Aaron, original subscriber 
for How's tract, 57. 

Rugg, David, settles at Great 
Meadow, 8; killed and scalped 
by Indians, 11-12, 28; his scalp 
painted and stuck on a pole, 
31; Indians dance around scalp 
of, 35. 

Rumford, N. H., 44. 

Rutland, Mass., 8, 57. 

Saco, Maine, depredation at, 
50, 50 note. 

St. Francis. See Abenakis. 

St. John's Island. See Prince 
Edward Island. 

St. Lawrence River, 12, 37 note, 
38. 

Saneld, John. See Smeed, Jr., 
John. 

Saratoga, N. Y., attack on, at- 
tributed by How to Albany, 
41 note, 43 note', letters to 



INDEX 



prisoners from, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 45. 

Savage, Edward, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Scaffield, Philip, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 53; dies in pris- 
on, 53. 

Schuyler, Nicholas, captain, 42 
note. 

Schuylerville, N. Y. See Sara- 
toga. 

Scoffil, Philip, bee Scaffield. 

Scot. See Scott. 

Scotland, 39 note. 

Scott, Joseph, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 48. 

Scott, Miriam, wife of Moses 
Scott, dies in prison at Quebec, 
51, 51 note. 

Scott, Sr., Moses, he and family 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
48; his wife dies at Quebec, 
51; his son dies at Quebec, 52, 
52 note. 

Scott, Jr., Moses, youngest child 
of Moses Scott, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 52, 52 note. 

Scott, Stephen, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 49. 

Scott (Scot), William, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 53. 

Seaflower, schooner, Capt. James 
Sutherland, commander, 40 
note. 

Shamballe, Shamballee. See 
Chambly. 

Shattuck's Fort, Indians attempt 
to burn, 14. 

Shearly. See Chalet. 

Sheepscott, Maine, captives from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
39, 44, 50, 54. 

Sheepscott river, 54. 

Shepard, John, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

Shepherd, Jacob, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 49, 49 note. 



Sherborn, Mass., 47. 

Shrewsbury, Mass, 53, 58. 

Sinconds, Benjamin, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 48. 

Smeed, Captivity, dies at Quebec, 
55, 55 note. 

Smeed, Daniel, dies in prison at 
Quebec, 54. 

Smeed, Sr., John, he and family 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
48; his wife dies in prison, 53; 
his son John dies in prison, 
53, 53 note', his son Daniel dies 
in prison, 54; his youngest 
child, Captivity, dies at Que- 
bec, 55, 55 note. 

Smeed, Jr., John, dies in prison 
at Quebec, 53, 53 note. 

Smeed, Mary, wife of John 
Smeed, dies in prison at Que- 
bec, 53. 

Smith, John, brought to prison 
at Quebec, 53. 

Smith, Richard, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 53. 

fcjorel River, 12, 37; its names, 
37 note. 

South Carolina, 39. 

Spafford, John, captain, brought 
to prison at Quebec, 43. 

Springfield, Mass., 59. 

Stebbins, Luke, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 59. 

Stevens, Joseph, captain, orig- 
inal subscriber for How's 
tract, 57. 

Stone, Jonas, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 58. 

Stone, Nathan, original subscrib- 
er for How's tract, 57. 

Stoughton, Mass., 58. 

Stratton, Ensign, takes part in 
pursuit of Indians near Great 
Meadow, 13. 

Stroud, William, from South 
Carolina, imprisoned at Que- 
bec, 39. 



INDEX 



Stubs, Richard, brought, to pris- 
on at Quebec, 49. 

Sturbridge, Mass., 58. 

Subes, Richard. See Stubs. 

Sudbury, Mass., 18, 19, 58. 

Sunderland, John, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 53. 

Sutherland, James, captain, com- 
mander of schooner Seaflower, 
in prison at Quebec, 40; ac- 
count of, 40 note. 

Swanzey, N. H., captive from, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
45. 

TAINTEB, Benjamin, brought to 
prison at Quebec, 53. 

Tainter, Simon, lieutenant, his 
son in prison at Quebec, 53. 

Taylor's Island in Connecticut 
river, 11. 

Tedder, Christian. Se Vedder. 

Thayer, Jonathan, narrowly es- 
capes capture by Indians, 12, 
28, 29. 

Townsend (Townshend), Mass., 
59. 

Trent, Capt, killed, 54. 

UPPER ASHUELOT. See Keene, N. H. 
Upton, Mass., 58. 
Uxbridge, Mass., 58. 

VADER, Christian. See Vedder. 
Vanderverick, Geret, dies in 

prison at Quebec, 51, 51 note. 
Vaughan, Samuel, dies in prison 

at Quebec, 54. 
Vedder, Christian, dies in prison 

at Quebec, 54, 54 note. 
Venhon, Samuel. See Vaughan. 
Vermont, 12. 
Vernon, Vt., depredation at, 46 

note. 

WARREN, David, brought to pris- 
on at Quebec, 48. 
Warwickshire, England, 18. 



Watertown, Mass., 18. 

Westborough, Mass., 49, 53. 

Westmoreland, N. H., formerly 
called "No. 2" settlement of, 8. 

Wheeler, Thomas, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 57. 

Wigglesworth, Rev. Dr. Edward, 
his autograph on copy of 
How's tract used for this re- 
print, 16. 

Willard, Benjamin, captain, fath- 
er-in-law of Nehemiah How, 
19; sends letter to How, 55. 

Willard, Benjamin, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Willard, Daniel, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Willard, Josiah, colonel, com- 
mands scouting party near 
Great Meadow, 13-14. 

Willard, Margaret. See How, 
Margaret (Willard). 

Willard, Samuel, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Williams, Rev. Eleazer, great- 
grandson of Eunice Williams, 
32 note. 

Williams, Eunice, daughter of 
Rev. John Williams, married 
to Amrusus (otherwise called 
De Rogers), an Indian, 32, 32 
note. 

Williams, Rev. John, captured 
by Indians in 1704 at Deerfleld, 
32, 32 note', returns to Boston 
and publishes account of cap- 
tivity, 32 note. 

Williamson, Jonathan, captain, 
brought to prison at Quebec, 
54. 

Windham County, Vermont, 7, 
27 note. 

Witt, Oliver, original subscriber 
for How's tract, 59. 

Wood, Jonathan, original sub- 
scriber for How's tract, 58. 

Woodstock, 58. 



72 INDEX 



Woodwell, Daniel. See Wood- Woodwell, Mary, wife of David 

well, David. Woodwell, dies in prison at 

Woodwell, David, brought to Quebec, 51, 51 note. 

prison at Quebec, 44; two sons, Worcester, Mass., 57. 

daughter and wife of, cap- Wright, Noah, his account of at- 

tured, 44, 46; his wife dies at tack on Great Meadow, 10 

Quebec, 51, 51 note. note, 11. 



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